Height of the Tallest Mountain on Earth

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Information Central. National Geographic. 9 June 2001. "Mountains are generally measured from sea level, in which case Mount Everest (29,028 feet; 8,848 meters) is king." 8,848 m
(Everest)
"Hawaii's Mauna Kea, though, rises an astonishing 33,476 feet (10,203 meters) from the depths of the Pacific Ocean floor. Measuring from base to peak, Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain on earth." 10,203 m
(Mauna Kea)
"A third way to determine the world's highest mountain is to measure the distance from the center of the earth to the peak. Using this method, Chimborazo in the Andes triumphs. Although it stands but 20,561 feet (6,267 meters) above sea level, its peak is the farthest from the earth's center." 6,267 m
(Chimborazo)
"Mount Everest." World Book. 2001 ed. Vol. 5-E: 519. "The official height of Mount Everest is 29,035 feet (8,850 meters)." 8,850 m
(Everest)
"Mauna Kea." World Book. 2001 ed. Vol. 13-M: 884. "Rising about 33, 500 feet (10,200 meters) from the Pacific Floor, it is the world's highest mountain island." 10,200 m
(Mauna Kea)
"Chimborazo." World Book. 2001 ed. Vol. 3-C-Ch: 471. "Mount Chimborazo rises 20,561 feet (6,267 meters) above sea level." 6,267 m
(Chimborazo)
Egbert, Jean L. Facts. The Ocean Frontier. Flamingo Communications. 1999-2001. "If you say that "tallest" means the greatest distance above sea level, that would be the mountain you expect, Mt. Everest, at 8,848 meters above sea level." 8,848 m
(Everest)
"And if you define "tallest" as the distance between the base and the top of a mountain, you get yet a third tallest mountain, most of which is under the sea: Mauna Kea, in Hawaii. It's 10,204 meters from its base on the sea floor to its tip." 10,204 m
(Mauna Kea)
"But if you define "tallest" as the farthest distance from the center of the Earth, that would be Mt. Chimborazo, in Equador [sic], at 6,267 meters above sea level …. [I[t's farther away from Earth's center, at 6,384,404 meters; Mt. Everest is 6,381,670 meters from the center of the Earth." 6,267 m
(Chimborazo)
Past GeoFacts. US Geological Survey, Pasadena. "It is well known that the HIGHEST mountain on earth is Mt. Everest on the Nepal-Tibet border in the Himalayas. It stands 8,848 m (29,028 ft) above sea level." 8,848 m
(Everest)
"The TALLEST mountain on earth, measured from base to summit is the volcanic peak of Mauna Kea, one of five volcanic masses making up the "Big Island"of Hawaii. It is about 9,000 m (30,000 ft) tall, however only 4,245 m (13,796 ft) of that is above sea level." 9,000 m
(Mauna Kea)
"The point FARTHEST FROM THE center OF THE EARTH is the summit of Chimborazo volcano in the Andes of Ecuador. Its elevation is only 6,310 m (20,703 ft) but because of its location near the equator it gets a boost from the equatorial bulge caused by the spin of the earth. This bulge makes the earth's radius about 21,000 m (68,900 ft) greater at the equator than at the poles. In fact, the beaches of Ecuador are farther from the center of the earth than is the summit of Mt. Everest." 6,310 m
(Chimborazo)

A mountain is an elevation in the earth's surface. The elevation, or altitude, of a mountain is given as the height of the summit above sea level. Mountains are much bigger than hills. Most of the time they are made up elongated ranges. It is rare when a mountain stands alone.

What is the difference between tallest and highest? Tallest: the top is the furthest away from the base. Highest: the top is the furthest away from sea level. There are three ways of measuring the height of a mountain. So which mountain is the tallest? One way to measure a mountain is by measuring from sea level. The second way is by measuring from base to peak. The third way is by measuring the distance from the center of the earth to the peak of the mountain.

Mt. Everest, on the Nepal-Tibet border in the Himalayas, is the highest mountain on earth. It is about 8,850 meters above sea level. height was confirmed in December 1983 during a surveillance mission by the space shuttle Columbia. Mauna Kea, or "White Mountain"a volcano of the "Big Island" of Hawaii, is the tallest mountain on earth. It measure about 10,200 meters from base to summit. Chimborazo is a volcano in the Andes of Ecuador. It measures about 6,310 meters above sea level. When height is measured from the center of the earth, Chimborazo is tallest since it is located nearly on the equator, where the earth bulges the most.

Beata Unke -- 2001

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