The Physics Factbook
Edited by Glenn Elert -- Written by his students
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|Vancouver Spectator Sports, BCPassport, 26 may 2003.||"Field: Canadian: 110 yards x 65 yards with 20 yards end zones"||100 m|
|Football, Canadian. Encyclopedia Britannica online. May 2003.||"The playing field is larger, being 110 yards (100 m) long and 65 yards (59.4 m) wide. The end zones are 20 yards (18.3 m) deep."||100 m|
|Register, Mike. The CFL: A fading league? Football Speaks, 25 May 2003.||"The selling point of the CFL should be the 110 yard field, 12 players on each side, and three-down rules."||100 m|
|History of Canadian football, CFL Archives, 2 May 2003.||"CRU game length was reduced to two 40-minute halves and the size of the field was set at 110 yards by 65 yards."||100 m|
|Canadian Football, The Columbia Encyclopedia 6th Ed. NY. Columbia University Press. 2003, 24 may 2003.||"Canadian football is similar to the US game, but the Canadian field and end zone are larger, measuring 110 yd by 65 yd and 25yd by 65 yd, respectively."||100 m|
First down, eh!
Forty-five, thirty-two, sixty-seven, hike, hike. Ah, the familiar sounds of football. We, as Americans have dominated this sport of tackling, running, and passing throughout the years. However, our quiet friend, a few hundred miles north of us, Canada, has had its own rich football history.
Originated by British immigrants, Canadian football, formerly known as English rugby football, was founded in 1868 when two British regiments in Montreal played an unique version of the rugby created by William Webb Ellis in 1823. Since these early days, the astounding American influences have transformed English rugby football into today's Canadian football.
Canadian football only differs slightly from American football. The biggest difference between American football and Canadian football, is the field. A Canadian football field is 100 meters long and 59.4 meters wide while an American field is 91.4 meters long and 48.8 meters wide. This wider field persuades the Canadian teams to use deep, lateral passes, which create a more exciting football atmosphere. Unlike American football, which only allows eleven men to be on the field, Canadian football requires twelve men to be on the field and only gives three chances to receive a first down. Canadian football is also more fast-paced than American football, because it allows only twenty-seconds between each play while American football allows forty-five seconds.
Although sometimes named as a spin-off of American football, Canadian football has its own rules, own field and own players. Its rich history has characterized the game as unique and it will be a fan favorite for many years to come.
Farrah Abuzahria -- 2003
|Canadian Football. Columbia Encyclopedia Sixth Edition. 2001.||"Canadian football is similar to the US game, but the Canadian field and end zone are larger, measuring 110yds by 65yds (100m by 59m) and 25yds by 65yds (23m by 59 m), respectively."||100 m|
|Rule 1: Conduct of the Game. CFL Rulebook. Canadian Football League. 2000.||"Article 1: Regulation Fields
The field shall be 110 yds long by 65 yds wide, it shall be distinctly marked as indicated herein."
|Brief History of the CFL: 1861-1900. Canadian Football League.||"1896 - CRU game length was reduced to 2 40-minute halves and the size of the field was set at 110 yds by 65 yds …."||100 m|
|Canadian Football. Wikipedia. 2002.||"Canadian Football is a form of football in which two teams of twelve players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards long and 65 yards wide, with end zones 20 yards deep."||100 m|
Canadian football is very similar to American football except for slight rule differences. Developed during the 19th century, its origins come from rugby football and are influenced by American football. Today, it's played in Canada by high schools, colleges, universities, and nine professional teams that are the Canadian Football League (CFL). The Canadian football field is 100 meters long and 59 meters wide, larger than its American version. The team consists of 12 players, including one captain. A regulated number of American-born players can play on the Canadian teams. Teams play for four, 15 minute periods which add up to one hour or 60 minutes of playing time. Scoring in Canadian football is the same as in American football, except that the Canadian field has a dead-line 25 yards behind each goal line. On a kickoff, the receiving team must advance the ball out of the area between the dead-line and the goal line. If it fails, the kicking team scores 1 point, called a single. The same rule applies to a punt.
Jonathan Zelyakovsky -- 2003
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