The Physics Factbook™
Edited by Glenn Elert -- Written by his students
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|Philips, Jennifer D., ASK Archive 1998: Salary of marine biologist. Marine Mammal Research Program,University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1998.||"A marine biologist who works as a scientist makes very little to start out, about 25,000 to 30,000 per year, but makes more as they advance in their career, maybe 40,000 or 50,000 or more. There is no set standard, but most scientists do not make a lot of money. Marine biologists who work as teachers, at aquariums, or in industry could make more to start out, and eventually make as much as 75,000 per year. The average scientist starting out after their PhD makes about 35,000 per year, on average for all sciences, according to one source I saw recently."||$25,000–$75,000/year.|
|Biological Scientists. Bureau of Labor Statistics. US Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2003.||"In the Federal Government in 2003, general biological scientists in nonsupervisory, supervisory, and managerial positions earned an average salary of $66,262; microbiologists, $73,513; ecologists, $65,207; physiologists, $85,181; geneticists, $78,652; zoologists, $90,178; and botanists, $55,727."||$55,727–$90,178/year|
|Microbiologists. California Occupational Guide Number 168. Interest Area 2. Employment Development Department. Labor Market Information, 1995.||"Salaries for holders of bachelor's degrees range from about $2,700 to $4,700 monthly. Salaries for experienced and supervisory personnel may range from $2,700 to $5,300. Microbiologists with graduate degrees earn salaries that can range from over $2,000 to over $5,200 per month."||$32,400–$62,400/year|
|Job Valuation Report. Biologist I Salary Survey Information. Salary.com.||"A typical Biologist I working in the United States earns a median base salary of $39,859, according to our analysis of data reported by corporate HR departments. Half of the people in this job earn between $35,786 and $44,670."||$35,786–$44,670/year|
|Department of Biological Science. Jobs for Biologists, or, What Do I Do with my B.S. in Biology? California State University, Fullerton, 1994.||"Starting: Starting salaries with a b.s. In biology may be as low as $15,000 or as high as $45,000/yr. Note: The average starting salary for all fields with a B.S. is $22,000. With more degrees, the starting salary is, of course, higher. Potential: end of career salaries range from $40,000 to $250,000/yr.Note: A recent survey of CSUF graduates in mid-careers showed that most people had salaries between $20,000 and $80,000, but some in the medical profession and in biology-related businesses had incomes of $250,000!"||$15,000–$250,000/year|
A biologist is a scientist who studies organisms and their relationship to their environment. These organisms include animals, plants, marine species, bacteria and others. Biological scientists can be classified by the type of organisms they study; such as microbiologists (bacteria and microorganisms), aquatic biologists (microorganisms and animals living in water) and ecologists organisms and their environment).
Biologists often spend their time researching in laboratories. When in the field, they may work in all kinds of weather and varying types of animals. In 2002, biologist held about 75,000 jobs in the United States. Almost half of these biologists were employed by either local, State or Federal governments. Many biologists employed by the Federal government work for the US Departments of Defense, Agriculture and Interior. Many work in the pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing industry.
The salary of a biologist can range from $15,000 to $250,000 per year. Experience and number of earned degrees often influence salaries for biologists. As of 2003, general biological scientists earned about $66,200 per year.
Daniel Nopachinda -- 2005
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