|FDNY, Brooklyn Stats.||"Brooklyn 81.7Sq. Miles 52,330.0 acres"||211.6 km2|
|Encyclopedia. Brooklyn.||"(brook'lin), borough of New York City(1990 pop. 2,300,664), 71 sq mi (184 sq km), coextensive with Kings co., SE N.Y. at the western extremity of Long Island; an independent city from 1834, it became a New York borough in 1898. Brooklyn has the largest population of the city's five boroughs."||183.9 km2|
|US Census Bureau. Geographical Comparison Table.||"Kings County Area in Square Miles: Land Area: 70.61"||182.9 km2|
|Doris. Electronic Mail. 29 May 2002.||"In 1976, Brooklyn was 46,653.7 acres, or 72.8 square miles."||188.6 km2|
|NYC Department of City Planning. Land Use Facts.||"Borough- Land Area in Millions of Square feet-Percent: Brooklyn-1,708-24.6"||158.7 km2|
Brooklyn, also known as Kings County, is one of the five boroughs of the city of New York. It is located on the southwestern end of Long Island in NY state. Kings County occupies a land area of approximately 184 km sq. and its population as of 2000 was 2,465,326 making it fourth largest city in the United States.
The Nayack and the Canarsee Native Americans originally occupied the area of present day Brooklyn. By 1636 after the Dutch settled in the neighboring island of Manhattan, they began settling on the Brooklyn land as well. By 1680s the Native Americans lost possession of most of their land in Brooklyn. The Dutch, however, formed six villages in Brooklyn: Bushwick, Flatlands, Flatbush, New Utretch, and Graves End. By 1674, Brooklyn and New York City were taken over by the British and the six villages were combined into the Kings County. As New York City developed into a more industrialized city, so did Brooklyn. By the mid 1800s a great number of residents took a ferry over the East River to their jobs in Manhattan. This is why in 1865 the New York Bridge Company started the construction of the Brooklyn Bridge that would link Manhattan to Brooklyn. The bridge was completed in 1888 and is still used by automobiles, bikers, and pedestrians to enter or leave Brooklyn.
By 1898 Brooklyn, Staten Island, Queens, the Bronx, and Manhattan combined to form one city, the New York City. Brooklyn's population grew steadily until after World War 2, when a great number of people moved to the suburbs. In the later years the population of Brooklyn once again increased as a result of immigration from the early 1980s until the present day. Brooklyn is an ethnically diverse community. However, many of Brooklyn neighborhoods are very well ethnically defined. For example Bedford-Stuyvesant has a great African American population, Brighton Beach is a neighborhood particularly occupied by Russian-Jews, Bay-Ridge has a large Italian community, and Borough Park has a concentrated population of Hasidic Jews.
Midwood High School is named after the neighborhood where it is located. Midwood is located in the South Central part of Brooklyn.Originally Midwood was covered by a dense forest, it was hence named Midwout by the Dutch, meaning middle woods. Today Midwood is a home to immigrants from Soviet Union, China, and Haiti.
Stan Vinokur -- 2002
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